Aeronautical Engineering Degree
Similar to aerospace engineering, aeronautical engineering is the study of developing technology for spacecraft, aircraft, and nautical systems. The actual aeronautical field has migrated into aerospace engineering in the past 20 years or so, but there are still some programs in the United States that have aeronautical engineering programs.
Aerospace Engineering Degree
Research, design, development, and technology of aircraft and spacecraft. Sometimes referred to as "rocket science". There are many career options with an aerospace engineering degree, including working for a major airline company, working for military services, the US government, or private companies.
Application of science and technology to improve agricultural (primarily crop & livestock) production & yields. Combines multiple engineering fields (mechanical, chemical, civil). With the advancement of GPS and yield control, agricultural engineering has taken off over the past decade. The field works often with the bioengineering and chemical engineering fields, as well as electronics and mechanical engineering.
Architectural Engineering Degree
Building design & construction, primarily focused on utility. In some places, this degree is also known as architecture, although many engineers joke that an architect is someone that couldn't handle engineering school. Utilizes multiple fields: structural, electrical, construction, and mechanical engineering. Architectural engineers tend to focus more on structural engineering than architects, who focus more on usability and aesthetics. Of course there are always exceptions.
Applying chemistry, physics, and computer technology and life sciences to solve problems. Uses molecular biology, biostatistics, and much research to find solutions in the food, health, environment and life sciences industries. Bioengineering tends to be synonymous with biotechnology, which is the fusion of biology and technology to create more useful items, such as plastics, other materials, and even food that produces higher yields.
Combination of chemistry and physics and biochemistry to produce and use chemicals and materials for real-world use. Many chemical engineers work on projects for very long periods of time, researching and testing to produce materials, food, or combinations that help make people's lives better. Typically chemical engineers are involved with a lot of experimentation.
Civil Engineering Degree
Design and construction of infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and buildings. One of the oldest and most stable engineering disciplines. Civil engineers can also work as structural engineers. Often civil engineers end up working for the government, or their state's Department of Transportation, but can also work for private companies in a number of different specialized areas, such as roads, railroads, or even sewer systems.
Combination of computer engineering, electrical engineering, and telecommunication technology. Also includes network engineering, both wired and wireless.
Computer Engineering Degree
Combination of electrical engineering and computer science and technology, mostly to build and develop specific software, applications, or build hardware.
Design, planning, construction and building of infrastructure, such as buildings, highways & bridges.
Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Study of electricity and electronics. Is a very large field with numerous subdivisions (electronics, computer, power, communications, RF/wireless, and more).
Uses science, technology, and understanding of geography and the natural environment to help further the health of the environment and the people.
A catch-all for all engineering programs. Common for more entry-level students that end up picking a more specialized degree later on in their academic career.
Similar to manufacturing engineering, but more focused on optimizing processes, procedures, and systems to further production.
All-encompassing degree in information technology. Can consist of web and software developers, server specialists, networking technologists, and IT-related positions.
Using technology, research, design and system development, and specific tools and machinery combined with processes to enhance production mostly in manufacturing facilities.
Mechanical Engineering Degree
One of the core engineering subjects, focuses on physics and materials to design, build, and maintain complex machinery and mechanical systems.
Utilizes research and science to build and create systems, processes, or technology from nuclear energy or radiation. Extremely common application is within the energy industry.
Petroleum Engineering Degree Programs
Among the higher-paid, the petroleum engineering field is one of the most challenging and difficult fields of engineering, mostly focused on the study of mass production of hydrocarbons typically in the form of crude oil or natural gas.
Software Engineering Degree
Strictly focused on the design, development, troubleshooting, or maintenance of software systems.
A catch all for more specific concentrations of engineering.